Laparoscopic colectomy (Laparoscopic colon surgery) is the technique of using the laparoscope whereby a portion of the colon can be removed using several small incisions. These incisions are usually less than 0.5 cm. Carbon dioxide gas is then used to slowly inflate the abdomen & a thin telescope is introduced. This allows the surgeons to view the affected part of the abdomen on a TV monitor. Special surgical instruments are used to perform laparoscopic colon resection. This process is operated under general anesthesia. The gas is removed from the abdomen before the patient awakens from general anesthesia
Laparoscopic colectomy surgery is used to remove all or a part of the colon.
In Laparoscopic Right Hemicolectomy Part or the entire ascending colon are removed.
The colon is then reconnected to the small intestine.
In Laparoscopic Left Hemicoloectomy Part or the entire descending colon is removed.
The transverse colon is then reconnected to the sigmoid colon.
Laparoscopic colon surgery offers patients many potential functional advantages including smaller incisions, lesser pain, less pulmonary complications, a shorter length of hospital stay and quicker recovery for return to daily work with average blood loss specifically, when compared to open colectomy.
The benefits of laparoscopic colectomy surgery may be fully realized by minimizing operative conversion rates. Outcomes from laparoscopic colectomy are equivalent to traditional open techniques when performed by experienced laparoscopic surgeons. It should be borne in mind that laparoscopic colectomy is a technically challenging procedure and should only be performed by experienced and well trained laparoscopic surgeons specifically trained in laparoscopic colectomy.