Colon Resection

What is Colon Resection?


A colon resection surgery is performed to remove a part or the entire colon (large intestine). This is also known as “colectomy”.
In colon resection, the patient receives a general anesthesia right before surgery. This makes the patient unconscious and they are unable to feel the pain. Colon resection surgery can be performed either laparoscopically or by open surgery.
In Open Colon Surgery, the patient has to stay in the hospital for many days for recovery. In this surgery, a large incision is made in the abdomen and the surgeon removes the affected part. The surgeon then attaches the two ends of the healthy colon using a surgical instrument or by hand suturing. Laparoscopic colon resection takes slightly longer but has more advantages than open colon surgery whereby a portion of the colon can be removed using several small incisions. These incisions are usually less than 0.5 cm. Special surgical instruments are used to perform this approach. The laparoscopic colon surgery approach has many advantages including smaller incisions, less pain, less complications, a shorter hospital stay and quicker recovery for return to daily work.
Data indicates that many patients with presumed benign colon polyps undergoing colon resection (colon polyp surgery) actually have a cancer hidden in the polyp. Unfortunately there is no test that can tell 100% whether a colon polyp is benign or has a cancer until the polyp is completely removed by colon resection surgery. To treat such colon diseases or problems, a colon resection may be required:

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